- Pauli, Wolfgang
- (1900-1958)physicist; discovered the exclusion prin-ciple, according to which no two electrons can be described as having the same energy state. The son of a chemistry professor at Vienna, he comprehended Albert Einstein's* relativity theory while still in Gymnasium. He studied theo-retical physics under Munich's Arnold Sommerfeld and took a doctorate in 1922; next he accompanied fellow student Werner Heisenberg* to Gottingen, where both worked under Max Born.* Pauli went to Copenhagen (followed by Heisenberg) to study with Niels Bohr. His inquiry into Bohr's quantum theory culminated in his landmark 1925 discovery of the exclusion principle; it was an essential step in validating quantum mechanics. By 1926 he and Heisenberg were delineating the quantum dynamics that occupied physicists for the next twenty years.In 1928 Pauli succeeded Peter Debye at Zurich's Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule; he held the chair until his death (at Einstein's invitation, he worked at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study during World War II). Intrigued by the roots of scientific thought, he was unexpectedly attracted to Carl Jung's psychology. In 1930 he proposed the existence of an electrically neutral sub-atomic particle; the reality of the neutrino was later confirmed by Enrico Fermi. Pauli was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for physics in 1945, and his 1933 article on wave mechanics remained in the Handbuch der Physik through 1958. He rarely altered his ideas; Victor Weisskopf eulogized him as the conscience of theoretical physics."REFERENCES:DSB; Hendry, Creation of Quantum Mechanics; Laurikainen, Beyond the Atom.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
См. также в других словарях:
PAULI, WOLFGANG — (1900–1958), Swiss physicist and Nobel laureate born in Vienna. His father was a physician born in Prague, who changed the family name from Pascheles to Pauli, and his mother, a writer, was born in Vienna. He was educated at the Doebling… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Pauli , Wolfgang — (1900–1958) Austrian–Swiss physicist Born in the Austrian capital of Vienna, Pauli was the son of a professor of physical chemistry at the university there and the godson of Ernst Mach. He was educated at the University of Munich, where he… … Scientists
Pauli, Wolfgang — born April 25, 1900, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 15, 1958, Zürich, Switz. Austrian born U.S. physicist. At the age of 20, he wrote a 200 page encyclopaedia article on the theory of relativity. He taught physics in Zürich (1928–40) and later at the… … Universalium
Pauli, Wolfgang — ► (1900 58) Físico austríaco. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1945. Se le debe la predicción del neutrino a partir del estudio de las anomalías en la emisión de partículas beta. * * * (25 abr. 1900, Viena, Austria–15 dic. 1958, Zurich, Suiza).… … Enciclopedia Universal
Pauli,Wolfgang — Pau·li (pouʹlē), Wolfgang. 1900 1958. Austrian born American physicist. He won a 1945 Nobel Prize for work on atomic fissions. * * * … Universalium
Pauli Wolfgang — Паули Вольфганг (1900 1958) физик теоретик, один из создателей квантовой механики и основоположников релятивистской квантовой теории поля. Сформулировал принцип, названный его именем, выдвинул гипотезу о существовании нейтрино. Лауреат… … Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь
Pauli, Wolfgang — (1900–1958) Austrian born physicist, awarded Nobel Prize for Physics (1945) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Wolfgang Pauli — 1945 Wolfgang Ernst Pauli (* 25. April 1900 in Wien; † 15. Dezember 1958 in Zürich) war einer der bedeutendsten Physiker des 20. Jahrhunderts und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pauli — Wolfgang Ernst Pauli Cet article fait partie de la série Mécanique quantique Postulats de la mécanique quantique Histoire de … Wikipédia en Français
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli — Cet article fait partie de la série Mécanique quantique Postulats de la mécanique quantique Histoire de … Wikipédia en Français